It’s very easy when looking at mining stock to focus only on the final product. Understanding the entire extraction process is essential to fully appreciate any natural resource. Each billion-dollar mine project is unique (in terms of location, commodities, and size), but all follow the same five key steps. Geologists study the liquids, gases, and solids of the Earth, as well as their processes. Mining geologists are responsible for determining the location of minerals. They will do this by using aerial photos, geophysical surveys, and field maps.
Geologists who specialize in exploration are involved with the search and development of mineral deposits. The geologists locate and assess potential deposits of precious metals or industrial minerals. They also evaluate gemstones, pigments as well as other richard william warke mineable materials. The geologist records all the information he can from rocks at the surface. He will also look for the boundaries of different types of rocks and their structures. A geologist looks for ore minerals, metal-rich fluids flowing through the rock, and records of mineralized veins.
The mining companies will then use these data to focus on more precise areas for rock and mineral samples. Geological maps with high resolution can be used to identify areas that are likely to contain mineralization, which could lead to potential deposits. Mineral exploration uses geophysical measurements to gather information on the properties of rocks, sediments, and other materials. Magnetic, radiometric, and electromagnetic surveys are used by geophysical companies to identify responses that may indicate mineral deposits.
By measuring the physical properties of mineralizations, exploration geophysics can be used to determine their type. Geophysics is used for mapping the subsurface structures of a particular region. It can also be used to determine the distribution of rocks, faults, and folds. The assay is the name of a chemical test that measures how much metal or non-metal there is in a given sample. Chemical analysis can be performed on a wide range of geological materials, including water, vegetation soil sediment, and rock.
Assay laboratories can perform single- and multielement analyses using a wide range of techniques. Samples of soil and rock are powdered and then combined or digested with acid. They are then analyzed by a variety of analytical instruments and methods. The interaction between an aqueous liquid and the host rock is responsible for most metallic ore deposit formation. To determine the hydrologic conditions, as well as natural occurrences in soil, rocks, and water of toxic elements, baseline samples are collected.
Geochemical surface analysis is performed on soil, rocks, water, plants, and vapor to detect trace metals or any other element that could indicate the existence of an ore deposit. Geochemical methods have been instrumental in discovering numerous mineral deposits and continue to be used as a standard exploration method.